This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. A study was done that looked at the different amounts of lead that accumulated in the plant when it was grown in soil that had a Its preferential habitat is that of stony, sandy environments along the banks of streams and rivers. Preparation Mode – Habitat: Riparian. – Pignatti S., 1982. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Scientific name: Nerium oleander Pronunciation: NEER-ee-um oh-lee-AN-der Common name(s): oleander Family: Apocynaceae USDA hardiness zones: 9A through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southern Asia and the Mediterranean UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status:not assessed/incomplete assessment Uses: reclamation; urban tolerant; screen; specimen; trained as a standard; container or planter; hedge; deck or patio; parking lot island < 100 sq ft; parking lot island 100-200 sq ft; parking lot island > 200 sq ft; sidew… It is in leaf all year, in flower from June to October. Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen shrub or small tree that is prized by home gardeners for its showy, funnel-shaped blooms. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – Nerium verecundum Salisb. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. EUNIS habitat classification 2012 amended 2019 > F - Heathland, scrub and tundra > F9 - Riverine and fen scrubs > F9.3 - Southern riparian galleries and thickets > F9.31 - Nerium oleander, … This is the profile for the plant - Nerium oleander / Oleander / Difla. Habitat Native to North Africa and southwest Asia, oleander is an evergreen showy flowering shrub. Apuleius narrates, in his “Metamorphoses” that Lucio was transformed into a donkey and while he was looking for the roses that had to give him the human form, he was deceived by the flowers of oleander but before he bit into it he noticed his danger. Required fields are marked *. Nerium oleander (Oleander) is a common riparian evergreen shrub. | The information contained herein is provided as a public service with the understanding that Colorado State University makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, concerning the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Inflorescence : Terminal panicles of cymes. Because of its toxic properties, the Nerium oleander does not find any application in the kitchen while some active ingredients can be used in homeopathy or phytotherapy for diseases related to heart failure. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Shrub: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: NEOL: Plant Notes: Oleander is an introduced evergreen shrub in the Dogbane family (Apocynaceae). Unsupported Web Browser: One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Attention: Pharmaceutical applications and alimurgical uses are indicated for informational purposes only, they do not in any way represent a medical prescription; there is therefore no liability for their use for curative, aesthetic or food purposes. Etymology – Nerium oleander is either native or naturalized to a broad area spanning from Northwest Africa and Iberian peninsula eastward through the Mediterranean region, to the Arabian peninsula, southern Asia, and as far east as Yunnan in southern parts of China. The oleander, for the great variety of colors is cultivated to beautify gardens and in the south to plant the streets. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. For the cultivation of the oleander it should be taken into account that it is a very resistant evergreen shrub and for this reason it is cultivated in a massive way in urban environments. Habitat of the herb: River banks and river gravels in Europe. The leaves are opposite or arranged in whorls of 3 or 4. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Leaves narrow-elliptic to lanceolate, 6–20 cm long, 10–30 mm wide, apex acute, base tapered, margins entire, lamina leathery, both surfaces ?glabrous, lower surface paler; secondary veins > 30; petiole mm long. – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Water regularly but let plant soils dry out between waterings. Tanaman ini tumbuh dengan baik pada daerah kering beriklim hangat dan dapat dibudidayakan di berbagai daerah. (0 ratings) 0. The ovary is bilocular with 2 welded carpels, and with numerous ova. – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Kind: Oleander (Nerium oleander) 4. only kind of the plant genus Nerium 5. The Project was originally started by Dr. Tony Knight in 2001. In some protected areas mature plants may reach up to 20 feet tall. Ciri-ciri Medik. Plant Characteristics. Oleander is an evergreen ornamental shrub or small tree with long, narrow, dark … 160 kinds 7. Flora of Italy, Edagricole, Bologna. The term Nerium comes from the Greek νερόν = νηρός nerón = nerós humid, fresh. The antesis takes place between May and July. It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The Nerium oleander, in its spontaneous state, assumes a shrubby habit, with stems that are generally not very branched, starting from the stumps, first erect, then arched outwards. 1. An evergreen ornamental shrub belonging to dogbane family Apocynaceae and reaches the height of 12 feet. Oleander, bunga mentega atau bunga jepun (Nerium oleander) adalah tanaman perdu anggota keluarga Apocynaceae yang menghasilkan bunga sepanjang tahun Bunga jepun berasal dari Afrika bagian utara, bagian timur Mediterania dan juga Asia Tenggara. Scientific Name: Nerium oleander. Suitable for: medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in heavy clay soil. The oleander has a fairly large range extending across the warm temperate range from Japan to the Mediterranean basin. Nerium oleander is considered to be a very drought resistant plant, it prefers to live in a very moist habitat because in its early stages of life there is a greater need for water then in the adult stages. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Turkey 6: 159 (1978) The chemical that kills and hydrogeological, The Principle of Sustainability and its contradiction, Il Consorzio Ecodomus – Edilizia ecosostenibile, Properties and characteristics of the Oleandro, Propiedades y características del Oleandro, Proprietà e caratteristiche dell'Oleandro. ), Fl. Known hazards of Nerium oleander: The whole plant is very poisonous. Bunga ini terletak di ujung cabang dan mempunyai diameter sekitar 2,5 sampai 5 cm. The young branches are green and hairless. Nerium oleandercan thrive in areas that have a very high amount of lead or other toxic metals in their soil that normal plants would die in. Oleander is also grown as a potted house plant in northern climates. Height growth: up to 3 m 10. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen. Oleander vulgaris Medik. – Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (edited by), 2005. It can live in many different kinds of habitats that other plants could never survive in. Nerium Oleander Facts: Nerium oleander is an evergreen shrub or small tree in the dogbane family and is the only species currently classified in the genus Nerium. It is a plant very resistant to salt and drought that is grown for ornamental purposes and its cultivation is simple. It is considered drought resistant, however it prefers to live along river banks in moist soil. Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Flowering plant in native habitat ... often including uses and habitat.]. The oleander contains however other toxic principles, which are preserved even after drying. La adelfa es una planta que se adapta a condiciones de clima seco que tolera las bajas temperaturas, pero solo las heladas ocasionales. Morfologi Bunga Nerium Oleander Tanaman Nerium oleander memiliki bunga yang berkembang dalam seikat yang mengelilingi mahkota bunga pusat. Oleander is native to dry Mediterranean stream beds, and established plants will tolerate some drought and poor soils. It typically occurs around stream beds in river valleys, where it can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought and inundation from winter rains. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. LT: Herb. The plant, suitable to USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 11, grows to between 6 and 20 feet in height. Planta arbustiva que se puede formar como árbol de porte pequeño, de hojas perennes de un verde intenso, cuyas hojas, flores, tallos, ramas y semillas son venenosas. Oleander indica (Mill.) – Treben M., 2000. Sources The bark of the oleander is either grayish or greenish gray in color. However, container plants seem to do best in fertile soils with good drainage. Datasheet Type(s): Invasive Species, Host Plant. This naturalized and widely cultivated garden and landscaping plant is native to the Mediterranean region. The Goblet is about 7 mm with a conical tube, 15 mm thick, with spatulated lobes of 12 -15 x 20 – 25 cm. The specific epithet oleander is derived from arodándrum, corruption of the Greek ῥοδοδένδρον rhododéndron, term to its cultured from the Greek ῥόδον rhódon rose and from δένδρον déndron tree: for the color of the flowers of many species of this genus. Most cultivars will grow to 8 to 12 feet tall and almost as wide. Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. Clifford: 76, Nerium 1 [beta]; ; (BM-000558145) LT designated by Stearn in Davis (ed. Oleander (Nerieae) 3. In Italy we find it spontaneous in the phytoclimatic area of ​​the Lauretum, both in the coastal areas and up to 1000 meters above sea level especially along the waterways where it often forms a common and unmistakable element of the riparian vegetation of the Mediterranean environments, almost always associated with other riparian species such as alder, tamarisk, agnocast. Both the leaves and the stem are poisonous. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. The old stems and branches have a grayish bark. It is an exclusive species which is classified in genus Nerium. Nombre binomial Nerium oleander L., La Adelfa (Nerium oleander L.), también conocida como "Laurel rosa", es la única especie perteneciente al género Nerium incluido en la familia (Apocynaceae). Furthermore its toxic properties have been used as a “weapon” for the murder described in the film White Oleander. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. These cookies do not store any personal information. The lamina is lanceolate, acute at the apex, 1-2 cm wide and 10-14 cm long. Death comes by cardio-respiratory collapse. Leaves: leathery, lan… bunga Nerium oleander bermacam macam, mulai dari bunga yang berwarna putih atau kelabu, merah keunguan dan kuning kemerahan. Open areas. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Es un arbusto resistente a los vientos fuertes, altas temperaturas, sequia estacion… Habitat and Distribution. Cultivation – It is said that its fried stems were the deadly cause among Napoleon’s soldiers who used them for roasters: the fire distilled its glycosides that mixed with the meat causing poisoning. Origin: Mediterranean area, Mid East and China 8. evergreen, woody plant 9. Nerium oleander Linnaeus: Common Name: Oleander: Habitat: Persisting from cultivation at old home sites. Some dwarf cultivars stay as low as 3 to 5 feet. An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. It branches into erect branches, commonly reaches a height of 1.5 m, and may even reach a height of 4 m. The branches are elastic. The Nerium oleander is the only species of the genus Nerium and is one of the most toxic plants known. Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub. Nerium is widely cultivated and over 400 varieties have been described, but there is just 1 species in the genus. Description: Shrub, often with many stems from near ground level, up to c. 8 m high, sap watery. In its natural state it can not withstand temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius. En la actualidad ha sido introducida ampliamente en regiones de clima templado, siendo utilizada frecuentemente en parques, jardines, como setos, parterres o separadores. Skin contact with the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only one leaf has led to death in children. Flowers : Pink, red or white, single or double, fragrant, bracteate. The leaf is glabrous, lanceolate, and is carried on a … From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, Kingdom Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Magnoliopsida Class, Gentianales Order, Apocynaceae Family, Apocynoideae Subfamily, Nerieae Tribe, Neriinae Sottotribù and therefore to the Genus Nerium and to the Species N. oleander. Uses and Traditions – Nerium oleander is a unique plant. The flowers are hermaphroditic, arranged in multiflorous corimbose buds, tubulosis with simple or double petals and with peduncle of 2 – 3 mm; of color that varies from white to rosy or yellow and to carmine red. On rock walls, generally of calcareous origin from 0 to 200 m. Description – Your email address will not be published. If swallowed it leads to: bradycardia and increased respiration rate, gastric disorders, including vomiting, nausea and burning, disturbances on the central nervous system, including drowsiness. It is drought tolerant, and is extensively used in landscaping along highways. Nerium is a genus of one species – Nerium oleander that is native to Europe and Asia. Because of its toxic properties, in the countryside of some Italian regions, the plant is called “horse killing” or “ass kill”. Flowering November, December, January, February, March. The most affected animal species are equines, cattle and small carnivores. An alkaloid that is oleandrin, a cardiotoxic glycoside (with a similar structure to ouabain) and a sodium-potassium pump inhibitor at the cell membrane level are responsible for this extreme toxicity. by ; Dr. Chandra Barooah & Iftikher Ahmed (2014) Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. Nerium oleanderes una especie nativa de la cuenca del Mediterráneo hasta la región al sureste de China, limítrofe con Vietnam. Perhaps because of its toxicity, since ancient times the oleander was known as a funerary plant. But let plant soils dry out between waterings across the warm temperate range from Japan the. It thrives well in its phytoclimatic zone that provides temperate places, and. Experience while you navigate through the website other uses is free of claims! It can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought and poor soils however other toxic principles, are! In large quantities, they can even lead to death in children irritation ingestion... 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